Turcology Research
Research Article

Metaphor and Metaphoric Style in Aristotle

1.

Faculty of Theology, Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey

Turcology Research 2022; 75: 437-447
DOI: 10.5152/JTRI.2022.4589
Read: 372 Downloads: 86 Published: 28 September 2022

In most studies conducted in Turkish, all three “metaphors,” “istiara” and “eğretileme” are considered as synonyms. Although it is known that these concepts are not the same by the experts who have knowledge of the subject, the attitude that they are synonymous persists. As a reason for this, it is shown that metaphor is often met with the word metaphor in Arabic sources. For this reason, the subject of how the Arabic metaphor entered was examined in terms of Aristotle's two concepts of De Poetica and Rhetoric metaphor. Aristotle is a thinker and a man of letters who influenced both the period he lived in and the ages after him with his mentality and his works. In the first three centuries of Hijri, a real scientific mobilization started in the great scientific centers of the Islamic world such as Bukhara, Damascus and Cairo, especially in the Bayt al-Hikma in Baghdad. As a result, the works of Indian, Persian and Ancient Greek scholars were translated into Arabic. Aristotle's works such as De Poetica and Rhetoric also got their share from this translation activity. In the translation of these works into Arabic, it is aimed to understand the ijaz of the Qur'an, as well as to influence the members of other religions in the region and to achieve a uniform structure in the Islamic geography. Various rhetoric mentioned in Aristotle's works were first assimilated by Muslim scholars and then reinterpreted. Therefore, it is quite natural for rhetorical scholars to be influenced by Aristotle's thoughts. In this study, the concept of "metaphor", which is the basis of metaphor based on analogy in Arabic Rhetoric, which Aristotle frequently emphasizes in his works called Rhetoric and Poetics, has been examined.

Cite this article: Şentürk, N. (2022). Metaphor and Metaphoric Style in Aristotle. Turcology Research, 75, 437-447.

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