Turcology Research
Research Article

Biometric Elements in Ottoman Internal Security from Pattern Based Identification to Criminal Identification


Department of Contemporary History, Atatürk University, Graduate School of Turkish Research, Erzurum, Turkey

Turcology Research 2022; 74: 409-416
DOI: 10.54614/JTRI.2022.229021
Read: 525 Downloads: 168 Published: 25 May 2022

With the effect of the Westernization trend in the Ottoman Empire, important structural and operational changes were experienced in the security bureaucracy and legal system especially after the Tanzimat..The police organization's becoming an institution that acts independently from the military in the center and in the provinces within the Ministry of National Police and the right of the police to represent at the ministerial level took place during the reign of Abdulhamid.Having an independent structure of the Ottoman police contributed to the development of current practices in the fight against crime and criminals in terms of the importance given to criminology. The process of passing from identity-based identification to criminal identification and criminal matters related to forensic medicine formed the basis of today's criminal units of law enforcement agencies and the Forensic Medicine Institute.The Ottoman Empire by inviting experts from Europe to fulfill the requirements of the era in the field of security and public order, as in every other field paved the way for new methods with studies that facilitate diagnosis and classification in criminal identification. The Ottoman security bureaucracy which made an important progress in criminal identification with the use of photograph in identification based on description, then the application of Mesâha-i Ebdan, that is, the application of anthropometry technique and the method of dactyloscopy (fingerprint), also benefited from medical science by resorting to forensic medicine when appropriate.

Cite this article: Akbabaöz, O. (2022). Biometric Elements in Ottoman Internal Security from Pattern Based Identification to Criminal Identification. Turcology Research, 74, 409-416.

EISSN 2822-2725